Papon Trial Finally Winds Up

Le Bosquet d'Alesia
After a hard session of crossing the street, find refuge in the Bouquet.

Next Week; Back to Regular Funny Business

by Ric Erickson

Paris:- Monday, 6. April 1998:- Today's issue marks the end of the trial of Maurice Papon for crimes against humanity. Some historians have pointed out that justice may not seek the same 'truth' as historians, and in any case operates according to its own set of rules.

This is to explain the apparent confusion of the proceedings of the trial. When it started, it seems unlikely that its participants foresaw how it would 'play' on a day-to-day basis, and if the result has been surprising to some, it seemed a logical outcome to most of those directly concerned.

My complaint - at this point in time - is minor, especially after the amount of time that has passed. As Europe is about to be united, for better, for worse, my quibble seems to be moot. Justice is unlikely to deal with it and historians will probably say it was caused by 'realpolitik.'

At the risk of turning everybody off, just a reminder then - be on guard against being in a situation such as the French faced in 1940.

France Deported Its Citizens

Maurice Papon was found guilty of aiding and abetting the deportation of Jews during the German occupation of France; which constitutes a 'Crime Against Humanity.'

This 'crime' was committed 55 years ago, when the enemy was the extra-territorial policy - a 'War Crime' - of the National-Socialist, or Nazi Party, of Germany.

The German army invaded France and occupied part of it. The legitimate government of France collapsed and a new one known as 'Vichy' was formed for the purpose of collaborating with theterrace la defense invaders. Under German orders, the 'Vichy' government administered France - and was considered France's legal government. Those who opposed this government were declared traitors. One of these was Charles de Gaulle.

Another of the week's stories: empty terraces.

This was the nationalistic behaviour of the time. Throughout the Papon trial there has been a great mention of the 'deportations' of Jews. What has seldom been mentioned is that many or most of those who were 'deported' were French citizens, born in France; processors of French nationality.

As far as I know, the administrative logic of 'deporting' French citizens was never raised. In nationalistic theory, it is not possible to 'deport' your own citizens. To do so, you would have to strip them of citizenship; and as far as I know, not even the 'Vichy' government took this step. If I am wrong, I invite correction. (In Germany, the Nazi government stripped its Jewish citizens of their German citizenship.)

As it is, it seems to me as if there were three 'Crimes Against Humanity' in operation in France during the occupation: the deportation of French citizens, the deportation of French citizens who were Jewish and the deportation of Jews who were not French, but who had taken refuge in France.

Find the link to Friday's The Toqueville Connection: on Metropole's Links Page.

Triple for 'Delacroix' Season:

Delacroix, le Trait Romantique

An exhibition of about 250 drawings, watercolors and engravings, by Delacroix - showing him to be a masterexpo: delacroix of color and line. The exhibition has two parts; the essentials of his engravings, including the series of lithos for Hamlet and Faust, and the other shows off the artist's different techniques.

Delacroix' sketch for the Death of Sardanapale - at the Delacroix et Villot exhibition.

Bibliothèque Nationale de France - Richelieu
Galeries Mansart et Mazarine
From Tuesday, 7. April to Sunday, 12. July. Open daily except Mondays, from 9:30 to 18:30. Entry, 35 francs; catalogue, 160 pages, about 145 francs. 58. rue de Richelieu, Paris 1. Métro: Quatre-Septembre or Bourse. Info. Tel.: 01 47 03 81 10.

Delacroix et Villot

This exhibition accents the copies of Delacroix done by Frédéric Villot, painter, engraver, art historian and friend of the artist. The original and the copies of Sardanapale are shown side by side, for the first time. Other engravings, designs, letters and manuscripts by Villot are also on view.

Musée Eugène Delacroix
From Thursday, 9. April to Friday, 31. July. Open daily, except Mondays, from 9:30 to 17:00. Entry, 30 francs - allows access to permanent collection as well. 6. rue de Furstenberg, Paris 6. Métro: Saint-Germain-des-Près. Info. Tel.: 01 44 41 86 50.

Delacroix, les Dernières Années

For the 200th anniversary of the birth of Delecroix, this exhibition at the Grand Palais brings together 88 paintings and 33 drawings and watercolors, representing the last 13 years of the artist's career. In addition to following themes set in his youth, Delacroix experimented with color and applying it with expression; resulting in a hint of Expressionism to come.

Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais
From Friday, 10. April to Monday, 20. July. Open daily, except Tuesdays. Without reservations, from 13:00 to 20:00. Entry: 45 francs.
Entry: Square Jean Perrin. Métro: Champs-Elysées-Clemenceau.
Make reservations at the Paris Tourist Office, major fnac outlets and France Billet: Resa. Tel.: 01 40 13 49 13. No reservations accepted at the Grand Palais; reservations must be made two days before planned visit. Catalogue, 400 pages, about 290 francs.

Mainly from now until summer, but also running into early next year, there will be eight other Delacroix exhibitions; two in Paris, and one in Chantilly, Rouen, Tours, Bayonne, Versailles and Saint-Maurice in the Val-de-Marne.

Musée Maurice Utrilloutrillo - sannois

While staying in Dr. Revertégat's clinic in the years from 1912 to 14, Maurice Utrillo discovered the village of Sannois. In its calm and peaceful surroundings he painted 150 scenes from the village and the area surrounding it. Today, Sannois' museum has an exhibition of 30 of Utrillo's paintings, and a reconstruction of his atelier, a collection of documents and an audio-visual show about his life.

Le Musée Maurice Utrillo
Place du Général Leclerc, Sannois. Next to the new City Hall - Mairie. From Paris, take the Argenteuil-Nord or Franconville exits off the A15. Open daily except Mondays, from 10:00 to 17:00. Info. Tel.: 01 39 98 21 13.

Marché Parisian de la Création

market of the creatorsOn the boulevard Edgar-Quinet, near the Gare Montparnasse, there is an open-air art market. This is where the regular market is held during the week. Every Sunday, from 10:00 to 19:00. Check it out; it sounds like it might be fun. If it turns out to be hard work, there are a lot of big cafés at the place Edgar-Quinet

Still On Show:

Salon de la Maquette On Another Week

This one has quietly snuck up on me, and there will be a report about it for next week's issue. This modelling and games show continues until Monday, 13. April. This salon is interesting to non-modelers for things like the flying objects such as helicopters and rockets, and for seeing the tools modelers use. Hours are from 10:00 to 19:00; on Friday, 10. April, until 22:00. At Paris-Expo, Porte de Versailles, Paris 15.

Henri Cernuschi, Voyageur et Collectionneur

From 1871 to 1873, Henri Cernuschi toured the far east, together with the art critic, Théodore Duret. Cernuschi came back with a large collection of oriental treasures, and he had a townhouse built by the Parc de Monceau to house it. His collection influenced French artists and artisans of the time, and was especially famous for its Japanese bronzes, as well as those of China and Korea.

Musée Cernuschi
7. avenue Vélasquez, Paris 8. This is at the northern end of the Parc de Monceau. From Wednesday, 8. April until 21. June. Open daily from 10:00 to 17:40, except Mondays and holidays. Entry: 30 francs. Info. Tel.: 01 45 63 50 75.

Les Nouvelles Plaisirs de Versailles

Already started and running until 9. July, are a series of concerts at the Château de Versailles. These include works by Jean-Sébastien Bach, Mozart, Haydn, Pleyel, Berlioz, Rossini, Schubert, and a long list of other names. Performances are of classical favorites and of contemporary works.

At the Opéra Royal, see 'Les Femmes Savantes' by Molière and 'Les Caprices de la Danse' which is a ballet, done in the style of the court of Louis XV. Info. Tel.: 01 30 83 78 78.

Brigitte Terziev Continues

For people who take in poetry through their eyes, the work of this 1997 Bourdelle Prize winner, will offer something a bit more than words.

Exhibition: until 5. July. From 10:00 to 17:40, except Mondays and public holidays.
Musée Bourdelle
16. rue Antoine Bourdelle, Paris 15. Métro: Falguière
Info. Tel.: 01 49 54 73 73.

Printemps Vietnamien

The following exhibitions fall within the over-all framework of the 'Printemps Vietnamien,' to be held mainly at Les Halles, and lasting until 20. June. Friday, 20. March:

'Lumières - Laques, Lavis, et Aquarelles du maître laqueur Nguyen Van Minh.' His show can be seen at the Mairie of the 2nd Arrondissement, 8. rue de la Banque, Paris 2. From Friday, 20. March until Thursday, 30. April. Info. Tel.: 01 42 61 55 02.

Paris-Hanoï-Saigon, l'Aventure de l'Art Moderne au Vietnam Pavillon des Arts from Saturday, 21. March until Sunday, 17. May. At 101. rue Rambuteau, Paris 1. Info. Tel.: 01 42 33 82 50.

La Photographie Vietnamienne
Espace Photographique des Halles, from Friday, 20. March until Wednesday, 20. May. At the Forum des Halles, Place Carrée, Paris 1. Info. Tel.: 01 40 26 87 12.

Rencontres et Programmations Musicales
Médiathèque Musicale de Paris at the Forum des Halles. Info. Tel.: 01 42 33 20 50.

This Was Metropole One Year Ago:

Issue 2.14 - 7. April 1997 featured the columns - Café Metropole - 'A Little Bit About Paris, Texas ' andcount down Eiffel Tower 'Au Bistro' had - 'France to 'Beat Clock' to Century's End.' The articles in the issue were 'The Freak Brothers are Alive in Paris!' - 'Highs and Lows in Belleville' and 'Parisians Mob Annual Model Show.' The eMail from Michael McKinnon was about '20 Minutes Time for a Café Terrace.' There were two 'Posters of the Week' and Ric's Cartoon of the Week was captioned 'A "Not Quite Dead" Reject.'

Regards, Ric
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contents to: Ric Erickson, Editor.
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